Natural Ruby is one of four "precious" gemstones (including Diamond, Emerald and Sapphire) known its rarity, monetary value, and hardness (second only to Diamond). Ruby is red Corundum, an aluminum oxide mineral with chromium responsible for its rich, red color. The name comes from the Latin word rubeus, meaning "red," and until 1800 when Ruby was recognized as a variety of Corundum, red Spinels, Tourmalines, and Garnets were also believed to be Ruby. All other color varieties of Corundum are designated as Sapphire.
Ruby initiates the sensual pleasures of life. It stirs the blood and stimulates the heart, encouraging one to enjoy being in the physical world. It increases desire and sexual energy, and may be used to activate the kundalini. Ruby has always been associated with love, especially faithful passionate commitment and closeness. In antiquity Rubies were considered to be perfect wedding stones.
The fiery and captivating Ruby is a stone of nobility, considered the most magnificent of all gems, the queen of stones and the stone of kings. Ancients believed it surpassed all other precious stones in virtue, and its value exceeded even that of the Diamond. The Chinese Emperor Kublai Khan was said to have offered an entire city in exchange for a sizable Ruby.
Ruby forms in prismatic tabular, bipyramidal or rhombohedral crystals, as well as granular or massive habits, and has a vitreous luster. The most valuable and desired Rubies are those of a shade called "pigeon's blood," defined by William Fernie as "a pure deep, rich red, without any admixture of blue or yellow," though others define it as "a pure red with a hint of blue." The shade of red varies depending on where it is mined, and may be a deep pink-red, a reddish-orange, red with a violet cast, or even a deep wine color. The paler pink Corundum, debated as Ruby by some, is usually referred to in gemological terms as Pink Sapphire rather than Ruby.
All natural Rubies have imperfections within them, including color impurities and inclusions of Rutile needles known as "silk." These inclusions help distinguish natural Ruby from synthetics and when structurally oriented so the light shines off the "silk" in certain ways, the inclusions actually increase the rarity and value of the stone. If cut en cabochon, these special stones may display a chatoyancy, or rare "cat's eye" effect, or in the case of a Star Ruby may display a six-rayed star effect called asterism, that causes the light rays to appear to glide magically across the stone as it is moved.
Burmese Rubies: Burmese ruby gemstones are an excellent type of ruby gemstones. Burmese rubies are the one of the top quality rubies. These rubies have a deep red color due to the presence of chromium in it. Burmese rubies are found in Myanmar. All rubies have blemishes, if someone wants to recognize the fake ruby gemstone from the natural ruby gemstone, that person should inspect the stone from its blemish mark. A Burma ruby stone always has a smudge on their body hence, whenever you buy a Burmese ruby stone first inspect the presence of blemish or smudge mark on the stone for its originality.
African Rubies: African Ruby gemstones are usually purplish to dark red color. African rubies come in varieties of sizes and qualities. The best color of African rubies is the fine dark red color.
Thai Rubies: Thai rubies come from the southeast of Bangkok. Thai ruby gemstones occupy the second position only after the Burmese rubies. These rubies are dark in color due to the combination of iron and Chromium.
Tanzania Rubies:These ruby gemstones are mined from Songea region. The appearance of the Tanzania ruby stone is quite similar to hessonite stone due to its color. These rubies are less expensive as compared to Burmese and Thai rubies. It has been noticed that the intensity of color diminishes with size. Therefore, the smaller the size of the Tanzanian ruby stones, more valuable they are. As the size of the stone increases, the color of the stone starts to fade.
Madagascar Rubies:Madagascar is another source for top of the line rubies and Madagascar rubies are relatively new to the market. Therefore, Madagascar rubies also come in the list of top ruby gemstones. Andilamena and Vatomandry are the two different mining regions of Madagascar rubies. The quality of ruby gemstone found in these areas is different from each other. In these regions, rubies can be found in a wide variety of different igneous rocks. These ruby stones have red, orange and natural red in color.
Afghanistan Rubies: From the first Century, Rubies have been mined in Afghanistan. The title of precious gemstones the ruby gets from these Afghanistan rubies. The mines of the Afghanistan rubies are in the Badakshan and Jagdalek regions. Jagdalek produces a ruby that ranges from a faint to deep red color. The Jagdalek rubies have qualities not found elsewhere in the world. The color of the original ruby stone found in this area ranges from light red to dark red in color.
Star Ruby has the same metaphysical properties as Ruby, but with increased healing and magical energies. It is most powerful at full moon. The Light of the Soul is reflected and grounded within the star of the Ruby, and amplifies one's internal resources and fortitude. It is extremely potent for those inclined to self-harm or self-neglect, and is quite beneficial in overcoming sexual dysfunction or the trauma of sexual or power abuse and suppressed anger. As a stone of spiritual Light, it can be used by Light workers and healers to integrate high-frequency energy into the body, and assists one in recognizing the true abundance of life.
Wear or carry Ruby to overcome exhaustion and lethargy. It stimulates circulation and amplifies energy and vitality to the whole system. However, those who are highly sensitive or irritable may find this stone over-stimulating or uncomfortable to wear. Ruby has been known to calm hyperactivity in some individuals.
Ruby is an aphrodisiac, allowing one to experience all forms of love, from wild sensuality to mystical communion. It deepens a couple's relationship and encourages closeness and commitment. It is also the stone of courtly love and may honor admiration from a distance. Worn during lovemaking, Ruby can help restore and maintain passion, and is excellent for increasing the chances for conception.
Ruby's intense energy sharpens the mind, bringing a heightened awareness and excellent concentration. It promotes a courageous attitude, and may increase one's success in controversies and disputes.
Ruby helps reduce fear of the paranormal and evil. It banishes nightmares, and guards against psychic and psychological attack. It is a shielding crystal, protecting the home from fire and intruders, and is good to wear discreetly to stay safe at night.
Rubies both naturally formed and lab-created, are highly prized crystals for technological use in areas such as watchmaking, medical instruments, and lasers for microscopic surgery.
Ruby is considered a blood stone, strengthening the heart, myocardium, ventricles and coronaries, and stimulating good circulation and blood flow. It is also an aid in treating disorders or disease of the heart.
Ruby assists in regulating menstrual flow and alleviating pain associated with menstruation. It is considered beneficial for the reproductive organs, and is often used for treatment of sexual dysfunction, impotence and infertility, early menopause, and as a support for gynecological operations. It is believed to be helpful during pregnancy, especially for older women, and in the optimum formation of children in the embryonic state.
Ruby is useful in detoxifying the body, blood, and lymph, and is helpful in treating fever and infections. It stimulates the adrenals, kidneys and spleen, and aids inadequate circulation or energy flow in the feet and legs. It may also be used to assist in weight regulation, especially when emotional eating is a cause.
Ruby allows the sharing of loving energy despite past hurts, bringing up anger or negative energy for transmutation. It gives the strength to rise from martyrdom and choose whether or not to dwell in anguish, distress, or suffering, and encourages a positive and more courageous state of mind. It brings out the protective aspects of one's character, inspiring one to step forward and stand up for those who are threatened, be it friends or strangers, children, animals, or the environment.
Ruby also sustains and protects those with sensitive natures and distorted views of themselves or others. It overcomes fears of being "ugly" or unloved, and is particularly empowering for those who hold excess weight in the body in order to ground in the physical world. It releases destructive emotional holds, and is a powerful stone for developing a more loving attitude toward oneself and the physical body.
Ruby carries the frequency of the enlightened Base Chakra, stimulating the flow of life-force energy or chi through the body. It strengthens the ability to meet one's needs and manifest one's desires, and is powerful in activating the kundalini.
The Base, or Root Chakra, is located at the base of the spine, and controls the energy for kinesthetic feeling and movement. It is the foundation of physical and spiritual energy for the body. When physically out of balance the symptoms will manifest themselves as lethargy, low levels of activity, low enthusiasm, and a need for constant stimulation. When its spiritual energies are out of balance, one will feel flighty, disconnected from reality, and distant. When the Base Chakra is in balance, the physical body regains its strength and stamina, and the spiritual energy is rekindled in the form of security and sense of one's own power. It often leads to independence and spontaneous leadership.